The NCAA is one of the most recognised sports associations worldwide. Standing for the National Collegiate Athletic Association, the NCAA oversees more than 1200 institutions, organisations and individuals. It is also responsible for the organisation of athletic programs that are enjoyed at universities and colleges in Canada and the United States. Headquartered in Indiana, the NCAA has generated billions in revenue, much of which was generated from the Men’s Division 1 Basketball Tournament. The revenue that is generated is distributed into different institutions and organisations in the US.
There are three divisions in the NCAA and these were adopted in 1973 by the NCAA membership in a convention. Under the rules of the NCAA, Division I and II schools have the ability to offer scholarships to athletes for playing a certain sport. While Division III schools may not offer scholarships, they do compete in the NCAA and are well known. Generally, larger schools are Division I and smaller schools make up the other two divisions.
The NCAA was established as a result of presidential conferences relating to college football reforms. In the early 20th century, multiple injuries and deaths occurred, prompting a change in ruled and many universities and colleges simply discontinued football. After a While House meeting, an organisation of 13 colleges and universities was formed and changes to football playing rules were initiated. In 1905, 62 other colleges and universities became members of the IAAUS, the Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the US. It later took the name NCAA in 1910.
Over the years, more and more colleges started to offer competitive sports and became members of the NCAA. Now, there are many sports that are sanctioned that include basketball, softball, baseball, ice hockey, volleyball and much more. The NCAA awards 89 championships each and every year, consisting of 44 men’s championships, 42 women’s and a few coed championships that cover skiing, fencing and rifle. In 2015, there was the formation of a women’s beach volleyball championship and this will make up the 90th championship.
in regards to basketball, NCAA games and tournaments draw much attention. The three divisions are offered for men and women. In 2015, there are 351 schools that offer NCAA Division I basketball for men and all of these offer women’s basketball with the exception of VMI and The Citadel. These schools make up 32 conferences. The Division II schools make up 24 conferences.
March Madness is one of the main NCAA attractions each year and this is the NCAA Men’s Division I Basketball Championships. This tournament was first created in 1939 and is one of the most famous sporting events in the United States. The tournament includes champs from 32 Division I conferences and 36 teams awarded at-large berths. The final round of the event, known as the Final Four is one of the most watched basketball tournaments of all time and is played during the first weekend in April. Here, the teams compete for the national championship. Over the years, top schools have included Duke, University of North Carolina and UCLA.